1) PROJECTIVE TESTS
- Rorschach Inkblot Test
- 10 cards with symmetrical inkblot images
- examiner carefully records the subject’s responses, paying close attention to descriptions on animate/inanimate objects and human and animal figures
- Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
- subjects are asked to tell a dramatic story about a serious of ambiguous pictures, including what lead up to the event/what’s happening/what the characters are feeling/how the story ends.
- intended to reveal the subject’s unconscious motivation and personality characteristics
Proponents for projective tests argue that they produce a wealth of info that can give important insights into a person’s personality.
Critics argue that the tests are time-consuming, subjective, and expensive.
2) SELF-REPORT INVENTORIES
- contain inventories of multiple choice and true/false questions meant to differentiate people on a particular personality characteristic
- Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
- contains 500 + statements to which subjects respond with “true” “false” or “cannot say”
- questions like “I am often tense at work” and “I wish I could do over some things in the past”
- clinical psychologists and psychiatrists use the MMPI to diagnose psychological disorders
Proponents argue that these tests are standardised, objective, and inexpensive to conduct/score.
Critics argue that people can give false answers to hide their true feelings, and that many people are not good judges of their own behaviour.